We love dogs, but are we really aware of what can happen to them? Does your dog have diarrhea, loose stools or blood present in them?
Maybe he or she is suffering from colitis. Does your dog have this disease? Well, we wrote this article in order to help you prevent or stop the pain and the discomfort your pet might be experiencing. Don’t forget that a correct diagnosis can only be provided to you by a veterinarian.
What is colitis?
This condition can be acute or chronic. It can be caused by parasitic infections, stress or dietary intolerances. This disease is a bowel or colon inflammation and dogs can suffer increased frequency of defecation and blood or mucus in the stools.
Symptoms for colitis are diarrhea, loose stools or blood present in the stools, an increased frequency of defecation with a lower volume. Be aware of all of them because it is better to prevent any kind of discomfort from the early appearance of any symptoms.
Causes and forms
There are four different kinds of colitis. The first one is Lymphocytic-plasmacytic colitis which is mostly seen in the following breeds: German Shepherds, Lundehunds, and Basenjis. The mucosal lining of the small intestine resulting in inflammation is infiltrated by lymphocytes and plasma cells and this results in inflammation.
When neutrophils from the circulation infiltrate the small intestine and its mucosal lining, the second type of colitis shows up, also known as neutrophilic or ulcerative. Other types would be Eosinophilic colitis and Granulomatous colitis. The causes are breed disposition, parasitic infection, dietary intolerances or allergies and stress bacterial infection.
Treatment of colitis
Even if diagnostic tests do not show any kind of parasitic infestation, the deworming treatment should be administered and repeated over 3 weeks from the first dose. There are special probiotics for dogs with colitis.
The gastrointestinal system should be healed and in order for this to happen, food may initially be withheld for up to 2 days.
For reducing fecal matter, increasing fecal bulk and possibly reducing diarrhea, the introduction of fiber may be beneficial. Because of its ability to inhibit cell-mediated immunity, Metronidazole should be given to your pet.
Recovery after colitis
The recovery time depends on the type of colitis that your pet is suffering from. The short-term prognosis for dogs who are suffering from chronic colitis is good; however, recurrent relapses are likely. Long-term novel protein diets can benefit your furry friend but because of some proteins, allergies may be developed.
If this happens, your pet’s diet should be managed properly and the advice of a veterinarian is recommended. This is a serious condition and should be treated accordingly to its developing stage, although certain types of colitis are hard to manage and cure.
We hope this article is helpful and that your dog no longer suffers from the disease. Also, don’t forget to be informed about every aspect of your dog’s life and prevent any kind of discomfort he or she may suffer. Remember that the animal needs more than the vet’s recovery treatment. The pet needs your love and care during all this process.